In addition to government contracts, inclusion through reference clauses is often included in wills and wills. However, to be admitted, certain conditions must be met: almost all levels of government contain contractual clauses by reference. Indeed, a typical government contract can contain 10 to more than 200 clauses per reference. FAR 52.107 directs contract managers to insert the provision in point 52.252-1, Solicitation Commissions Incorporated by Reference, and clause 52.252-2, Incorporated by Reference, in appeals and contracts in order to incorporate these provisions by reference. These two clauses are listed below. Inclusion by the reference clause is a language contained in agreements that “incorporate an existing agreement” into a new agreement.3 min read In Northrop Gruman Mission Systems v BAE Systems (Al Diriyah C4I) Ltd  EWHC 2955 (TCC), 8. On September 27, 2014, a software license agreement between BAE and Northrop was “regulated” by an enabling agreement between a related bae company and Northrop. This meant that the terms of the enabling agreement, including the terms of termination, were included in the license agreement. The Tribunal was prepared to interpret the terms of the enabling agreement so that they would operate within the framework of the licence agreement. This decision illustrates how the courts will interpret the relationship between the agreements and highlights the difficulties that may arise. Any seller or contractor who does business with the government is responsible for compliance with the above clauses, even if the clause itself is not included in the signed contract. This means that you should do everything in your power to understand the referenced clause. The best reason for this is that it is precisely these clauses that turn out to be the subject of denunciations, requests for omission or inspection.
Ignorance of their existence does not justify not complying with them. In U.S. administrative law, inclusion by reference is a drafting tool that allows federal authorities to give legal effect to documents already published elsewhere. This is permitted by a provision of the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C§ 552(a)(1). Section 552(a) requires authorities to publish regulations in the federal registry in order to enforce them. Section 552(a)(1) provides that if the documents published elsewhere are “properly accessible to the group of persons concerned” and the Director of the Federal Registry authorizes its registration by reference, such material is considered “published” in the Federal Registry. It is the most controversial for incorporating privately drafted voluntary consensus standards into health and safety rules, without violating the copyright of standard designers. Federal law and policy, enshrined in the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-119, require federal authorities to use these standards instead of creating “government-specific” technical standards that serve exclusively regulatory purposes.  In the law, inclusion by reference is the act of including a second document in another document by mentioning only the second document.
 This act, if properly performed, makes the entire second document part of the main document. Inclusion by reference is often found in laws, regulations, contracts, legal and regulated documentation. Inclusion by the reference clause is a language to be found in agreements that “integrate” an existing agreement into a new agreement, making the prior agreement a substantial part of the new agreement. . . .