In 2017 and 2018, the Aboriginal Justice Unit of the Department of the Attorney General and Justice visited 80 Aboriginal communities and organizations and participated in 120 consultations to gather views on how to address justice issues facing Aboriginal territories. The agreement is based on Research, Evidence and Aboriginal Perspectives and Experiences. The first Victorian Justice Agreement (AJA1 2000-2006) was developed in response to the recommendations of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody in 1991 and the National Ministerial Summit on Aboriginal Deaths in Custody in 1997. The Victorian AJA is a long-term partnership between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian government. 16.55 In the context of Western Australia, Kimberley Community Legal Services argued that “without AJA, efforts to minimize the over-representation of Aboriginal people in WA`s criminal justice system will continue to be affected by the lack of coordination between VA justice programs.”  16.32 AJA were first introduced following a summit of major Aboriginal organizations and Torres Strait Islander in 1997. These organizations were concerned about a gap in the accountability of state and territory governments after the state and territories were held accountable for the detention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islands, as recommended by the Royal Commission to Aboriginal Deaths in Custody.  These organizations then met with Commonwealth, state and territorial ministers responsible for criminal justice, and it was decided to develop ACIs. .