The University for Peace (UPEACE) was established in 1980 as a sub-treated organization within the framework of the United Nations to support the main UN peace and security objectives. Its role is to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education for peace. The university was created in accordance with its own charter, approved by the UN General Assembly, which authorized UPEACE to grant master`s and doctoral degrees. UPEACE maintains close links with various parts of the UN system, including the office of the UN Secretary-General. UPEACE has its main body in Costa Rica, where it has a campus and facilities near the capital San Jose. It has centers and offices in a dozen locations in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the United States and Europe, and is increasingly becoming a network organization. It has many partnerships with other universities around the world and with peace institutions in many countries. The new centre in The Hague will be an important part of the network, as it will be UPEACE`s representation in the European Union. UNESCO has also contributed to a series of political letters on SDG 11 on sustainable cities and has been an active contributor to the World Urban Forum. For more information on UNESCO`s work, visit en.unesco.org/UNESCO-for-Sustainable-Cities. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be reduced to a league of nations resolution of 21 September 1921 to elect a commission to study feasibility.   This new body, the International Committee for Intellectual Cooperation (ICIC), was established in 1922 and included among its members such personalities as Henri Bergson, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Robert A.
Millikan and Gonzague de Reynold (who were thus a small commission of the Confederation of Nations, mainly focused on Western Europe. The International Institute for Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC) was established in Paris on August 9, 1925 to serve as a business leader for ICIC. However, the beginning of the Second World War largely interrupted the work of these previous organizations.  With regard to private initiatives, the International Bureau of Education (IBE) began working since December 1925 as a non-governmental organization for international education development  and joined UNESCO in 1969, after establishing a joint commission in 1952. [Citation required] In addition, UNESCO has developed a number of strategic partnerships with other UN agencies and BWIs to further strengthen their cooperation with other unreveatar organizations. For example, UNESCO recently signed strategic partnership agreements with the World Bank, WHO, UNV and UNEP, out of joint initiatives to support the implementation of the SDGs, with the upcoming signing of agreements with FAO and the UNFCCC. UNESCO is also developing education policy documents that also make an important contribution to discussions on how education is linked to the themes of the FFF and SDG: en.unesco.org/gem-report/policy-papers. It has also developed annual reports on comprehensive education monitoring. The cooperation between IHE Delft and BMGF aims to support one of the Foundation`s main objectives, which is to enable universal access to sustainable sanitation facilities through the development of new technologies and new products and services. The IHE Delft contributes significantly to this overall goal by encouraging local innovations in sanitation (especially for the benefit of the urban poor) and by strengthening the sanitation sector in developing countries through education and training.