The fight against climate change requires the efforts of the international community as a whole. After years of debate over ensuring the political commitments of all countries to reduce their emissions, the Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 as part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement aims to prevent the global average temperature from rising to dangerous levels that would cause irreversible damage to the environment. This is the first multilateral agreement on climate change that contains commitments from all countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Climate Action Trackers believes that Canadian targets will not keep warming below 2 degrees C unless they are carbon sinks and low economic growth, and that Canada needs to significantly improve its NDCs and proposed climate levels to achieve an emission path consistent with the Paris Agreement. Transportation is Canada`s second largest source of emissions after the oil and gas sector, with transportation accounting for about a quarter of Canada`s emissions (Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2020a); Government of Canada, 2020a). Canadian fuel consumption standards for light and heavy commercial vehicles will be adapted to U.S. federal regulations. As Canada began to review its own rules for model years 2022-2025, it decided to wait for the final decision in the United States before making any changes. “Clearly, at this unprecedented time, when all our efforts must focus on the threat to human health posed by COVID-19, it may seem inappropriate to address climate issues,” said Elizabeth May, leader of the Greens/European Free Alliance (MP, Gulf of Saanich Islands) group. “But this news that Canada`s efforts are failing at the end of 2018 must be brushed aside.
Given the increase in emissions in 2018, our post-COVID climate plans need to be much more aggressive. We must keep our hands on deck for the pandemic in order to meet the climate challenge. We must prioritize investment in a low-carbon recovery. Implementation of the Canada-wide framework for clean climate growth and change, the government`s climate strategy, continues; However, the pandemic has resulted in some delays in the continued implementation or implementation of regulations. Changes in transportation regulatory measures have also been affected by uncertainty related to recent cancellations of fuel consumption standards for cars and light trucks in the United States, to which Canadian standards are adapted. In its national contribution to the Paris Agreement, Canada states that it would meet a macroeconomic target of reducing emissions to 30% below 2005 levels by 2030, a target that was first set by the Harper government. It also suggested that it could use international funds to achieve its goal. Canada ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016. “If we build a new fossil fuel infrastructure that will lock us into carbon emissions for decades, it will be very difficult, if not impossible, to keep warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Although income-neutral, right-wing politicians, particularly in oil-producing regions, have consistently presented the tax as a “cash grave.” Ontario Premier Doug Ford called it “the worst tax ever.”